FCC Targets AI-Generated Voice Scams Under New Proposal


FCC Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel proposes making AI-generated robocalls illegal under the TCPA, aiming to combat fraud and misinformation. The initiative follows incidents like misleading robocalls in New Hampshire, with broader measures to protect consumers and enhance enforcement tools for law enforcement.

In a decisive move to safeguard consumer interests and curb the rising tide of technological misuse, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel has unveiled a proposal to classify AI-generated voice calls as illegal under the existing Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA). This bold step comes in the wake of a disturbing trend where robocalls, especially those utilizing AI for voice cloning, have been implicated in spreading misinformation and executing scams. Notably, a recent incident involving robocalls in New Hampshire, which misleadingly used President Biden’s AI-cloned voice to dissuade voters from participating in the presidential primary, has underscored the urgency of addressing this issue.

Rosenworcel’s proposal seeks to adapt the TCPA to the challenges posed by modern technology, recognizing AI-generated voices as „artificial.“ This classification would effectively make the use of generative AI-based voice cloning technology in unsolicited calls to consumers illegal without prior consent, marking a significant pivot in the legal framework governing telecommunications and consumer protection.

The FCC’s strategy to combat the misuse of AI in telecommunications is multifaceted, involving not only regulatory adjustments but also enhanced enforcement mechanisms. By expanding the scope of the TCPA to include AI-generated voice calls, the proposal aims to provide law enforcement with new tools to investigate and prosecute the entities behind these deceptive practices. This initiative is part of a broader effort by the FCC, which has included issuing fines, blacklisting noncompliant providers, and seeking collaborative measures with state attorneys general and industry stakeholders to mitigate robocalls and scam texts.


The necessity of Rosenworcel’s proposal is further highlighted by the evolving landscape of voice cloning technology, which poses significant challenges in distinguishing between genuine and AI-generated calls. The FCC’s move to classify such calls as illegal aims to preemptively address the potential for widespread fraud and misinformation, ensuring that technological advancements do not come at the expense of consumer trust and safety.

This proposal is currently poised for a vote by the full commission in the forthcoming weeks. Its adoption would represent a critical milestone in the ongoing battle against robocall fraud and the misuse of AI, reflecting a proactive stance in leveraging existing legal frameworks to confront emerging technological threats.

Image source: Shutterstock

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